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WELCOME TO

KAISHUKAN AIKIDO DOJO

A Member Of

THE BRITISH AIKIDO FEDERATION

Under The Direction Of

Kanestuka Shihan (8th Dan Hombu)

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Elements Of A Grading (Download List Here)

In the B.A.F. a grade is assessed on a number of elements only one of which is technical knowledge here is a description of those elements.

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MAAI

Maai is a very important element in any martial art training. It means tactical distance in relation to one's uke. In judging correct maai many factors come into play, for instance: the relative size of the people involved, whether there is one uke or many, the nature of the surrounding space, the type of weapons one is facing e.g. the difference in length between a sword and a knife.

Furthermore, maai is constantly changing by the action created by attack and defence. The moment an uke moves, maai begins to change. Then tori takes the initiative using one's subjectivity to gain control, the result of the motion is to affect maai. because of the many variables involved, and most importantly because of the dynamic character of maai, its exact distance cannot be measured or taught in a fixed form. Nor can it be learned in theory: the "sense" of maai is a matter of practical experience and can be learned only through practice.

 

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Zanshin

Zanshin is the awareness of one's uke before, during the execution of and after the completion of a technique. It is also the ability to react appropriately to a situation in order to achieve and maintain control. Zanshin incorporates spatial awareness, use of peripheral vision and sensitivity. Although physical technique finishes when tori executes the technique action continues in consciousness, which allows the correct maai to be calculated for the next technique, if necessary. However, the meaning of zanshin is not limited to the practical point of view, in a deeper sense zanshin denotes continuity and flow of ki (energy of consciousness), the bridge between one action and another.

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